Today’s most-sounded topic among chefs is molecular gastronomy. This culinary art highlights the physical and chemical aspects of food and liquid interactions. Some examples of molecular gastronomy techniques are displayed in this blog.
What is Molecular Gastronomy?
Once in a while, during a night out at a restaurant, you might experience the successes of modern cuisine, more specifically, molecular gastronomy.
Molecular gastronomy is formally a scientific discipline that mixes physical and chemical cooking processes. We prefer to call it ‘The art of achieving magical outcomes with basic ingredients in the traditional kitchen.’ Yes, just a little bit more inspirational. The truth is, sadly for us, that not everybody can get to manipulate this branch. Only specialized people or restaurants apply molecular gastronomy techniques.
But even so, we have good news for you! You can still learn more about this culinary style that takes the science of cooking, selecting, preparing, serving, and enjoying to new heights.
How Does Molecular Gastronomy Works?
Molecular gastronomy is a scientific discipline within the culinary arts, that’s clear. How it works and what it involves is not yet told.
Previously we mentioned that this art mixes physical and chemical cooking processes. It works precisely because of the interactions of different ingredients that cause various effects, either at a physical, biological or chemical level. Every recipe, for instance, uses a different technique to produce savory, functional, and artistic results. A good example foams.
How to Make Food Foam?
Foams are one of the most known techniques for molecular gastronomy and are the perfect garnish for a dish. They are effortless, adaptable, and fun to make and eat. In cuisine, foams are a structure that traps air in bubbles. Or, in a more technical way, a stabilizing agent in which air finds itself suspended.
Over the history of cooking, foams have been present in many forms, such as whipped cream, meringue, and mousses. In these cases, air or another gas (like nitrous oxide) creates a lighter texture and a different mouth-feel.
To get food foam, you mix a liquid with an additive (emulsifier) that encourages the suspension of one fluid in another, like lecithin or Agar-Agar. After this, you place the final mix in a cream siphon.
Here is a step by step:
- Fill in your siphon with the mix created
- Close the cream siphon
- Shake the siphon
- Store the siphon in the fridge (if your recipe requires it cold) for a few minutes or longer, depending on what the indications say.
- Choose the proper nozzle and decorate your dish with a delicious fresh foam.
Tip: On Exotic Whip, we offer flavored syrup that you can implement to make infusions or flavored foams.
Examples of Molecular Gastronomy Techniques
- Smoking: You can quickly finish food with a smoking gun. This method creates a brief, attractive presentation of smoke upon serving and leaves an aromatic flavor. A few things you can smoke are cocktails, beer, sauces, dressings, meat, butter, oysters, raw fish, salads, chocolate, meringue, and much more.
- Carbonating: Another famous molecular gastronomy technique is adding carbon dioxide to make an ingredient sparkling. Carbonating ingredients like sugar can create air bubbles to add a popping sensation to sweets and desserts.
- Thickening: Thickening is a cooking technique that plays an essential role in creating sauces and various dishes. This method of cooking is characteristic of French cuisine. In Western cooking, flour or other carbohydrate type has traditionally thickened liquids, especially gravies.
- Gelling: Do you want to get a moist and solid-flavoured touch? Then you probably have to try this technique. Apply this technique to give a smooth composition to beverages by making them into a gel. One of the most popular gelling agents is Agar-Agar.